Lesotho is unique as being the only nation in the world with all of its land situated more than 3,280 feet (one thousand meters) above sea level.
The terrain consists of high veld, plateau, and mountains.
The Brahmanical tradition dates from the Vedic period (roughly 1500 to 600 b.c.e.), when the sacred Hindu texts known as the Vedas were first composed.
This period becomes a critical reference point for many Indian modernists, revivalists, and nationalists in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries who, in the face of British colonialism, hark back to "tradition" in order to help define a modern India.
The climate is temperate with hot summers and cool to cold winters.
A long rainy season during the summer months (December to February) combined with freezing conditions in the winter (June to August) creates adverse travel conditions which isolate much of the highland areas.
At the end of the twentieth century these figures could alter rapidly as the HIV/AIDS crisis impacts the general population.